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Fundamental Biblical Hebrew and Aramaic

by Andrew H. Bartelt ;  Steinmann, Andrew E.

Item #: 531120 / 2004 / Hardback / 378 Pages


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This volume contains both fundamental biblical Hebrew and Aramaic.

The fundamental biblical Hebrew is organized in a manner that facilitates learning and serves as an easy-to-use reference tool, including vocabulary, morphology, and syntax. While it serves as a basic Hebrew textbook and grammar for the purpose of theological study, it is useful for college, university and seminary courses, as well as a desk reference for pastors engaged in the study of the Bible in its original language.

The Hebrew section also includes translation and reading exercises, a full set of verb paradigm charts (regular and irregular), and a Hebrew-to-English glossary.

The fundamental biblical Aramaic section follows the Hebrew text to enable undergraduate and seminary students, who possess a working knowledge of biblical Hebrew, a quick reading proficiency in biblical Aramaic. While it is not designed to introduce other Aramaic dialects, such as Old Aramaic, Jewish Palestinian Aramaic, Palmyrene or Nabatean, it is written so that the advanced student who wishes to pursue further study by exploring ancient Aramaic dialects may do so. To that end, from time to time, reference is made to the historical developments in ancient Aramaic. 

This grammar concentrates on biblical Aramaic, primarily emphasizing the grammatical features the student needs to understand in order to read. Its structure allows the student to finish the grammar and to progress on to reading the actual Biblical texts in a typical semester. All the exercises, with the exception of the beginning ones, are drawn from the Bible, exposing the student to actual biblical Aramaic while learning the grammar.


  • Dr. Steinmann has created vocabulary practice sets for each chapter in Fundamental Biblical Hebrew and Aramaic. Students and instructors who adopt this book will want to visit Quizlet ( to take advantage of this resource, which can be used on laptops, smartphones, and tablets as an aid to learning Hebrew or Aramaic vocabulary. (Downloading the Quizlet app is required to use this on a mobile device.)
    Instructors may want to add these practice sets to their own Quizlet class and invite students to register for that class so that they have access to the practice sets in one convenient place. Simply register with Quizlet and then search on asteinmann to find the practice sets.
  • Scroll down for eight FREE resources to aid your study, provided by Dr. Steinman

What Others Are Saying

"A person naturally learns a language by being immersed in it from infancy. But if you do not have that much time, you will have to follow an artificial learning process by studying its structure, grammar, and vocabulary in a sequential way. For beginning Hebrew and Aramaic, the best introductory textbook I know is Fundamental Biblical Hebrew and Aramaic by Andrew Bartelt and Andrew Steinmann. That is why I am so pleased to see it reprinted by CPH. I heartily recommend this clear and informed introduction to biblical Hebrew and Aramaic."

—Rev. Dr. Paul R. Raabe
Professor of Old Testament Exegesis
Concordia Seminary, St. Louis, MO


"I am most respectful of the excellent job Andrew Bartelt and Andrew Steinmann have done and have profited personally from the insights they have given. I recommend the text for those who want to provide a succinct, yet very instructive treatment, of these biblical languages."

—Rev. Dr. Thomas H. Trapp
Professor Emeritus, Concordia University, St. Paul, MN


"I have used this grammar for the past fourteen years and find it very clear and concise. The easy-to-follow approach combines the best in format and pedagogy, making it very rewarding for both students and professors. This is an absolutely superb textbook."

—Rev. Dr. R. Reed Lessing
Senior Pastor, Saint Michael Lutheran Church
Fort Wayne, IN

Helpful Downloads

   Answer Key
   Chapter Summaries
   Reading the Masoretic Text and Notes in BHQ
   Tips for Parsing Verbs in the Qal Binyan
   Using Hebrew Lexicons
   Using Masoretic Accents as an Aid to Reading
   What the Aramaic Verb Will Tell You about Itself
   What the Hebrew Verb Will Tell You about Itself
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